Note: There is a notable difference between clinical terms and terms in general use.
When clinical terms are specified, their sources will be cited.
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD):
A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:
- Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements).
- Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.
- Believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions).
- Requires excessive admiration.
- Has a sense of entitlement, i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations.
- Is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends.
- Lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
- Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her.
- Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes.
(Source: DSM-IV), my edits in bold -Ed.
- Narcissistic Supply
Narcissistic supply is a concept in some psychoanalytic theories which describes a type of interpersonal support or sustenance drawn by an individual from his or her environment (especially from caretakers and other people). The Narcissist’s primary goal. Related article: What is Narcissistic Supply?
- Idealization, Devaluation, Discard
The three stages of a relationship with a Narcissist.
Related article: The Cycle of a Narcissistic Relationship
A behavioral strategy wherein a person projects their negative qualities onto another person. Read more about Projection at Psychology Dictionary
- No Contact
A strategy of eliminating communication with the narcissist in order to no longer be affected by their manipulations.
- Grey Rock
A strategy used towards the narcissist in order to minimize their attempted manipulations. Non-reaction. Observe, Don’t Absorb
A form of mental abuse in which information is twisted or spun, selectively omitted to favor the abuser, or false information is presented with the intent of making victims doubt their own memory, perception, and sanity.
see Gaslighting at Wikipedia.
Related Reading: The Gaslight Effect by Dr. Robin Stern